Once you've chosen the perfect router there's a number of accessories that you really need to expand your skills and take on any woodworking project. First and most important, you'll want to get a Router Table. After you've got your router table there are two more accessories that you need to make the most of it and make your life easier - a Router Lift and a precision Router Table Fence.
Now you've chosen the perfect router there's a couple accessories that you really need to expand your skills and take on any woodworking project. First, you'll want to get a Router Table. Mounting your router in a router table is the single biggest thing that you can do to increase your skills and routing capabilities. Here's some of the best:
The Bosch RA1181 is an open style, benchtop table made from quality components, with a good sized tabletop plus an excellent fence, giving you two of the main advantages of larger router tables in a compact, portable form and at an excellent price too. If space is at a premium and you are looking for a router table to get out and clamp to your bench each time you use it, the Bosch RA1181 should be on your list.
The Kreg PRS1040 is a top quality freestanding router table with a number of innovative features that make it stand out from the competition. The best feature is the innovative table saw style T-square fence which keeps the fence permanently parallel to the miter slot. As with all Kreg products, the thought and workmanship that has gone into this router table make it a joy to use. Best floor standing router table under $500
The Bench Dog 40-102 ProMax Router Table is the perfect solution for woodworkers who want all the benefits of a freestanding router table but have limited workshop space. By attaching the Bench Dog 40-102 ProMax to your existing table saw, you get the benefits of increased table-top real estate, plus rock solid stability without taking up any more space in your workshop than your existing table saw.
The Bench Dog 40-001 Router Table is a cabinet base, benchtop router table made from top quality components, with a good sized tabletop, Bench Dog’s excellent ProFence and a solid birch plywood cabinet base. It also features Bench Dog’s dual position fence slots that allow you to move the fence to accomodate larger panels, maximizing your useable tabletop space.
The Bosch RA1171 is Bosch’s cabinet style router table, designed to be mounted on your workbench (like the RA1181) but giving better dust collection and noise reduction due to the enclosed cabinet. Like the RA1181 it’s made from quality components, with a good sized tabletop plus an excellent fence, giving you two of the main advantages of larger router tables in a compact, portable form and at a great price.
The Bench Dog 40-300 ProMax Router Table is Bench Dog’s top of the range complete router table package which includes all of their top router table components – the ProMax RT Cast Iron Router Table Top, the 32-inch ProFence32 and the ProCabinet Baltic Birch Base. If you’ve got the space in your workshop, the Bench Dog 40-300 ProMax is one of the best router tables on the market for size, stability, and durability.
Everybody knows mounting your router in a router table is an absolute priority if you want to take on advanced projects, but it does have some slight downsides - height adjustment and bit changing become more difficult when the router is upside down under the table and space is tight. That's why they invented the Router Lift...
The Kreg PRS3000 is Kreg’s innovative router lift that includes a number of unique features that make it incredibly accurate and easy to use. Instead of a crank handle it uses a spring-assist lift wrench and a micro-adjust thumb wheel to give to fast, easy and accurate (to 1/1000-inch) height adjustment and bit changes. The Kreg PRS3000 router lift is exactly the sort of product we’ve come to expect from Kreg.
The JessEm Mast-R-Lift II is the the latest version of JessEm’s Mast-R-Lift router lift which has kept all the great features which made the original Mast-R-Lift so popular and added some new features as well. JessEm invented the router lift back in 1999 and continues to concentrate on producing top quality, innovative router lifts which make router table work easier and more accurate than ever.
After you’ve bought a router and then a router table to mount it in, there are two more accessories that you need to buy to allow you to expand your skills and get the maximum benefit – a router lift to give you precise control over the vertical height adjustment of the router bit and a quality fence system to give you equally precise control over the horizontal adjustment. The standard router table fence adjustment system with two slots just doesn’t give you precise enough control over horizontal adjustment. That's why you need one of these . . .
The Kreg PRS1010 Precision Router Table Fence is Kreg’s innovative self-squaring T-square style fence. Based on the design of table saw fences, the Kreg PRS1010 is the only fence with a T-square design making positioning fast, accurate and easy. The fence slides smoothly on a track fixed to the side of the tabletop with a cam style lockdown which keeps it perfectly parallel to the miter slot at all times.
The Incra LS17 Super System is the ultimate, top of the range fence system for your router table, drill press or band saw. Incra have a well-desrved reputation for producing versatile and highly accurate tools and the LS17 Super System brings it all together in one package. Incorporating their patented LS technology, this has been described as “one of the major milestones in modern woodworking accessories”
How to Choose a Router Table is one of the most common questions woodworkers ask after buying a router. Once you’ve bought a router there are a number of accessories that most woodworkers buy, and the most useful of all of them is a Router Table. A quality router table increases the range of jobs you can perform with your router and allows you to easily take on advanced projects such as raised panels, use larger cutters that are too big to control freehand as well as making it easier and safer to do things like putting edge moldings on narrow workpieces.
Router tables all operate on the same principle with the router mounted upside down under the table top and the bit projecting through an opening in table top. A router table holds the router securely, leaving the woodworker free to keep both hands on the workpiece during the cut.
They fall into one of a number of basic types and there are a number of features you should be looking for whichever type you decide to buy.
Router Table Features
- Large, Flat, Rigid Router Table Top
- Removeable Router Baseplate for Easy Mounting & Adjustment
- Accurate, Easy to Adjust Router Table Fence
- Router Table Split Fence or One-Piece Fence
Large, Flat, Rigid Router Table Top
The quality of the table top is the most important factor, and the requirements are the same as for any other woodworking machine – it needs to be as flat as possible, completely rigid and large enough to provide sufficient work space for the job. If the table top does not fulfil these basic requirements you lose the benefits of putting your router in a router table in the first place, which are increased control and precision.
Any irregularities in the surface of the table top will be transferred to the stock as you feed it across the table top and through the cutter. This means that if you are doing precision work like router-cut joinery you can end up with joints that don’t fit.
The table top also needs to be rigid so that it doesn’t flex when you push apply pressure to the workpiece, pushing it down into the table and against the fence
Lastly, the larger the tabletop, the more stable the work surface that it provides. With a wide tabletop you have a larger area on which to rest the workpiece as it is fed onto the cutter and out the other side, which stops it from wobbling. This results in a better finish to the cut and is also much safer – trying to feed a long workpiece onto a small tabletop can be quite a struggle and means you are concentrating more on holding the workpiece steady than actually making the cut.
Cast Iron Router Table Tops
Cast iron is probably the best material for flatness, stability and durability as evidenced by its use in high end woodworking machines such as cabinet saws. Cast iron is also good for absorbing vibration making it less tiring to use, and its weight means that the whole router table stays put on the shop floor. This weight is also its major downside because the heavier the router table, the more difficult it is to move around. Cast iron is best for woodworkers who are likely to keep their router table permanently in the workshop and have enough space to not need to move it around. All Bench Dog router tables like the Bench Dog 40-001 and the Bench Dog 40-300 feature cast iron table tops.
Due to its weight, cast iron is not used as much as other materials. Most router table tops are made from either MDF or solid phenolic resin, which is less expensive and much lighter than cast iron, making them a good choice for portable router tables. You may need your router table to be portable either because you want to take it on-site or because you have limited space in the work shop and have to move all your woodworking machinery around as and when you need it.
MDF Router Table Tops
Because of its low cost and acceptable stability MDF is the most common material used for router table tops. To maintain rigidity and provide good workpiece support, it should be at least 1’’ thick and should be surfaced on both sides with a material that has low friction and is hardwearing. Many MDF table tops are surfaced with melamine, or with a proprietary surface – Kreg router table tops are topped by a micro-dot skin which makes it easier to slide the workpiece over the surface – the smoother you can feed the workpiece onto the cutter, the better the finish.
Alternatively, some MDF table tops are surfaced with HPL (high pressure laminate), which is much harder and stronger than melamine. HPL is a composite sheet that has been subjected to high temperature and pressure to form an irreversible chemical bond between the specific layers, and will remain flat and stable for longer.
Solid Phenolic Resin Router Table Tops
Other router tables are made from solid phenolic resin, one of the strongest, most stable and durable materials available for an industrial strength work surface. It’s naturally rigid and tough, and is impervious to moisture, with extremely high impact resistance.
Removeable Router Baseplate for Easy Mounting & Adjustment
With the majority of quality router tables, the router is mounted on a removeable baseplate (mounting plate). The advantage of a removeable baseplate, compared to mounting the router directly to the tabletop, is that it makes it much easier to mount the router to begin with and then it simplyfies changing the router bit.
If you’re planning to use your router both in and out of the table, you’ll want to consider how much work is involved in getting the router mounted. With a base plate you remove the baseplate from the table with the router still attached which gives you much better access – the alternative is to fiddle around under the table which is difficult and greatly increases the chances of skinning your knuckles.
The base plate fits into a rabbeted opening in the table top, and obviously needs to be solid and substantial – there is not much point in having a rock solid table top and then fitting a base plate that isn’t up to the job of supporting the router and flexes. As a result the top quality base plates tend to be made of aluminum rather than phenolic.
Some manufacturers supply a baseplate pre-drilled for the most popular routers whereas others like Kreg comes without pre-drilled mounting holes – you drill them yourself using the supplied template. There’s advantages and disadvantages to both – it’s more work for you to drill the holes but the end result is that you only have the one set of holes to match your router without a load of redundant holes, which offer more opportunity for dust and debris to accumulate and potentially interfere with the feeding of stock.
Having bought a perfectly flat router table top you will obviously want the base plate to sit completely flush with the surface, and each manufacturer tends to have their own base plate levelling system with differing degrees of adjustment. Basic leveling systems often only have a leveling screw at each corner adjusted from the underside of the table, whereas more sophisticated systems will have more points of contact.
Accurate, Easy to Adjust Router Table Fence
Once you’ve got a quality router table top and a nice flush base plate, the next component that you need to consider, and which has a huge impact on the level of precision that you can bring to your work, is the router table fence, and these vary quite considerably in their quality and features.
There are a number of important basic qualities that all router table fences should have – they need to be completely straight and rigid, easy to adjust and lock in position, and have dust extraction capabilities.
When you buy a more sophisticated after-market fence the main improvements tend to be in the ease of positioning and the degree of accuracy. The Kreg router table fences, for example, use a table saw style T-square fence which means that the fence is always suare to the table top and you only have to measure from one side.
The most advanced fences of all, made by Incra, use an incremental micro positioning system that allows you to make adjustments down to 1/1000″ accuracy. Not something you can do by hand.
The amount of adjustability that you need depends on what you want to do with your router table – if you only want to put edge profiles on your workpiece then you do not need the critical degree of accuracy that you need if you are using it to make dovetail joints which you can do with the Incra fences.
Router Table Split Fence or One-Piece Fence
As well as the general quality of the fence, there are two basic types of fence to consider – the “split” fence and the one-piece fence. A split fence has two independently adjustable halves, so that the in-feed side of the fence can be positioned at an offset to the out-feed side of the fence. The reason you would want two independently moving sides of the fence is so that you can offset the in-feed and out-feed sides of the fence when you arel removing wood from the entire width of the workpiece during a cut. If the two sides of the fence are not offset, the workpiece would not be supported on the out-feed side.
The split fence facility is very useful, but it has a drawback – whether or not the in-feed and out-feed side of the fence are offset or in-line, it’s is extremely important to have both sides in parallel alignment. With all but the most sophisticated split fence systems like the Incra LS17 Super System, getting the two halves in acceptable alignment can be tricky.
With a one piece fence, the alignment problem doesn’t exist. The fence is one solid, straight piece that covers both the in-feed and out-feed sides of the table. In situations where you need an offset, a one piece fence can be fitted with a split “sub-fence”, (or “fence facing”) and you can shim the sub fence on the out-feed side of the table, to allow for the thickness of material removed and so support the workpiece on the outfeed.